Recycling is a term used to describe the reprocessing of waste materials in the production process for the original or other purposes, except for energy purposes. The term e-waste covers various devices such as large appliances (dishwashers, washing machines, drying machines, microwave ovens, ovens, thermal storage stoves etc); small household appliances (fryers, toasters, vacuum cleaners etc.), various power tools (saws, drills, grinders etc.), machines used for preparation of cold and hot drinks etc.
The entire process of e-waste recycling takes place within the assigned work areas and technological lines covered in recognized studies on the assessment of environmental impact confirmed by government bodies and agencies.
The functionality of the equipment used in this process is checked in accordance with the hierarchy of proper e-waste management. This check of validation and functionality is performed at the beginning of the process by a qualified worker with the respect of procedures and rules used for inspection of accuracy. The equipment that is not operational due to lack of specific assembly or sub-assembly is sent to the service department where the required spare part can be found. The integrity of the spare part is checked before it is used in the process in order to provide completely safety.
The electronic equipment that is classified as defective is disassembled with proper tools by trained workers and at the same time with the dismantling, they are performing a process of sorting of components and materials that are provided with the dis-assembly of electronic equipment into the following groups – plastics, iron, copper, aluminum, rubber, glass, stainless steel, insulation (glass wool, polyurethane foam etc.), printed circuit boards, cables, oils, heaters and other materials.
In certain e-waste it is possible to witness the occurrence of oil which can be separated and stored in specially marked metal containers easily. The collected oil is sampled by an accredited lab and after determining its composition it is submitted to the authorized operator.
After the workers finish with the process of separation and sorting of the obtained material, they proceed with the treatment and temporary storage of recyclable and non-recyclable components. The treatment of plastics, paper, cables and cardboard is performed within the recycling center. Plastic materials are classified into several categories and after that they are grinded or granulated and stored in the recyclable storage while the paper is baled with a hydraulic press. Cables are treated with a machine that strips the insulation material while certain types of cables are returned unprocessed to the authorized companies for treatment of this type of cables.
As you can see the process of e-waste recycling is really complex and only a professional and certified company can perform this procedure without any problems. Although this process may be costly, this is the only way to make sure that the materials found in e-waste won’t end up in the soil, air or water we use. E-waste recycling is the perfect way to protect the nature from the increasing amount of e-waste.